Reading Guitar Tabs

Tablature vs. musical notation

Most guitarists don’t try to know the standard musical notation. The good news is with tab, there is no need to learn it either. Just like notation, you can read tablature from left to right. Actually, the vertical lines refer to the end of each bar so you can keep time. But the horizontal ones don’t refer to the strings of the guitar. Moreover, in standard tuning, you will see that the 6 lines are called E, A, D, G, B and E. They are read from the bottom to top.

Actually, each position of the finger is shown by a number on the horizontal lines. These numbers give a certain fret position. Let’s take an example. On the second line, a number 3 is an indicator of the note of D, and it has to be sounded at the fret on the B string. You won’t find an indicator for the notes length with tab. Therefore, there is no equivalent of a crotchet or quaver symbol. This problem can be addressed by ear. Another way is to listen to the recordings of the thing that you are trying to learn.


The numbers that start from the left and go all the way to the right on the tab are an indicator of a melody. If you see two or more numbers on top of each other, know that they refer to multiple strings or all of them. So, they should be played just like a chord. It is very easy. You just need to practice for a few minutes daily.

The down facing arrows over the tab mean that you should play a downward strum. On the other hand, the reverse means you should do upstrokes. This give you a pretty good idea of the rhythm.

Melody and other advanced techniques

Unlike chord patterns, you will take a bit more time to learn a melody. As a matter of fact, if you practice scales, you can easily determine which finger you should use when the tablature requires a fret position, especially if there you have to make a long reach.

History Acoustic Guitars

In the Middle Ages these instruments were called gitterns, and they looked like and were played like the lute, they even had the rounded back like a lute. As we got into the Renaissance era the size of these instruments got larger and the shape changed into something we would consider more modern guitar like. They originated in Spain and were called vihuelas. This name was a broad term given to many string instruments so in the 16th century they were divided into two categories: vihuela de arco which was like a modern day violin and vihuela de penola that was played either by hand or with a plectrum. If the instrument was played by hand, the term vihuela de mano was used and this is what became the modern day guitar as it used hand movements on the strings and had a sound hole in order to create the music.

While Spain is the birthplace and homeland of the guitar, the real production of them really ramped up in France. They were so popular that people started to produce copies of the famous models. Some even went to prison for stealing famous maker’s work. It was a father son duo named Robert and Claude Denis though who really increased the popularity of the instrument, as they produced hundreds of them during the period.

By the late 1700’s only a six course vihuela guitar was being made and sold in Spain. This became the standard guitar and had seventeen frets and six courses with the first two strings tuned in unison so that the G was actually two strings. This is when we finally see the shape and similarities to today’s instruments. Of course now we have single strings instead of pairs, and by the 19th century, the instrument had fully evolved, except for size, to be the six single stringed guitar that we know today.

Music Affect Your Body and Mind

Music helps to recover from brain injuries

Many people experienced cerebral damage have speech and movement-related problems. As an alternative and effective treatment, doctors often recommend such patients to listen to good music to stimulate the parts of the brain responsible for these two functions. When people with neurological disorders caused by a stroke or Parkinson’s disease hear a musical beat, it helps them to regain a symmetrical walk and sense of equilibrium.

Music staves off the loss of hearing

Surely, music will not cure deafness but it really can prevent the loss of hearing. There was an experiment involving 163 people where 74 were musicians.

Participants were asked to pass some listening tests. Musicians heard the sounds better than non-musicians, and this difference gets more evident with aging. This means that a 70-year-old musician hears better than a 50-year-old non-musician, even in a noisy environment.

Music heals a broken heart

No, it is not about a cast-off love, but about a heart attack. The matter is music can help people recovering from a heart seizure or cardiac surgery by reducing blood pressure, slowing down the heartbeat rate, and relieving anxiety. Listening to the quality music evokes positive emotions, improves circulation, and expands blood vessels, thus, promoting quick rehabilitation of the whole cardiovascular system.

Piano or Keyboard


It is an Acoustic instrument. Sound is produced naturally. Pianos, especially Grand Piano are gigantic in size just because of same old principle with any wooden musical instrument; to produce a richer sound via acoustic vibrations. In recent years, some acoustic pianos have begun to incorporate certain electronic features related to recording and playback; these are often called “hybrids,” but in any case the mechanism for producing sound remains acoustic.

Perhaps the most obvious difference is that all pianos have 88 keys, while the number of keys often varies among keyboards. Having more keys enables musicians to play more notes and create different sounds that might not be possible on a keyboard.

Here are a few other significant differences:

Pianos have pedals build on the piano that enhance their sounds, while keyboards need to add pedals.

Concert pianos are huge and can’t be transported as easily as keyboards.

Most concert pianists perform in auditoriums built especially for pianos to better showcase their talents, while keyboardists can perform practically anywhere.


Keyboards (or “digital pianos”) typically have 49 – 88 keys, keyboards are electronic, and some people maintain it affects their sound quality. But whatever slight differences discerning ears might hear between the sounds produced by these two instruments, in the end, most music lovers enjoy the sounds of both.

Keyboards usually have a menu-operated bank of preset sounds like drums, guitar, trumpets, etc. Usually when one refers to a keyboard one is making a distinction that a keyboard is a synthesizer. When referring to synths we normally are talking about an instrument that has a menu-operated bank of sounds as a keyboard does, which allows those presets sounds as a starting point to be varied a little or quite dramatically by tweaking the signal parameters. The synth also allows you to record music and sounds.

So in a nutshell.

High-end models typically can replicate the sound of every instrument routinely used in state-of-the-art music studios. Used in combination, they provide the hottest accompaniment styles, mixes, rhythms and beats on demand, with the push of a button, while musicians play along on the keyboard itself.

As if that’s not enough, just about every keyboard can connect to a wide range of electronic and digital devices: from amplifiers to computers to iPads. Some of the top-end keyboards and pianos offer synchronized recording and playback with external devices such as multi-track recording equipment and video cameras.

Today’s keyboard is like a mini piano usually of 49, 61, 71 or 88 keys and as a range of additional sounds and/or inbuilt rhythm tracks that allow you to be a one man band and to join in with other electronic modules. So compared to a piano, a keyboard has probably more in common with an organ and is not really an acoustical instrument.

Bottom line
In the final analysis, the subtle differences between these two instruments probably aren’t big enough to make or break your decision to buy one or the other. But the biggest difference – the keyboard’s versatility at reproducing a seemingly endless variety of instrumental sounds – just might be the tie-breaker.

Still, when speaking solely in terms of comparable quality, both allow you to give your best. What comes out is largely determined by what you put in. That’s why I recommend that musicians begin by learning to play piano before deciding whether or not to try their hand (or hands) at a keyboard, based upon their personal tastes and the requirements of their performances and venues.

Become a Guitar God

1. All that glitters is not gold holds true for most of the guitars you lay your hands on. A costly guitar doesn’t mean that it will have the most melodious of tune and best of the parts. While buying a guitar always select something with good built material, else you sound could die down or become shaky. Also check for the string stoutness and if you instrument gets out of tune too often you should look for an alternative.

2. The next important thing is that you should learn the basics well, either from a guide book or a teacher. You must know the different chords and your finger position. Practice the basics with proper finger position till it becomes just a muscle memory. You should also learn to pick up speed while you play and execute them without any gap between each note.

3. One great technique to improve your speed as well as you rhythm is by playing along with drum or some accompanying instruments. It will help you to check your tempo, rhythm and give you confidence to strum along in actual or live events. Always start from beginning of the tune if you make a mistake so that you can maintain the continuity. Try never to skip beats as it may result in incomplete or abrupt end to your music piece by catching your partner unaware.

4. The more you learn, the more you would try to innovate. Getting a guide book or a tutorial at this stage would be very helpful as it will help you to cross check what you learnt and what more is left. It is a great way to go back to the roots and reinvent what you missed out at the first go.

Play Easy Songs on Keyboard

Here is the chart for Minor Chords. Triads ii, iii, vi and vii are minor. These are F Major, G minor, A minor. I call these notes “Add on” notes as a result of though they make totally different sounds, they are still labeled A-G. For example, if the primary measure is four quarter notes (C, D, E, F) then you will say the letter names whereas clapping your palms. In case you are, then I must inform you that I have the same aspirations as you’ve. These entire on-line classical pianos acquaint alpha by instructing you all about basal addendum and chords. Pianos are intricate instruments that require the utmost craftsmanship. The tempos to be avoided when writing inexperienced persons music are allegros and the presto. Bettering your music memory and ear. Of course, there is an approach to point out it in sheet music. A plain paper clean piano keyboard sheet is among the best all-round instruments a music trainer has! It is resistant to water, and the protective overlaying keeps the keyboard from being assaulted by mud and different contaminants.

Piano chords are totally different than piano notes which are the sounds you’ll produce from hitting the individual keys on the piano. The packages, Adobe Reader and QuickTime, are needed. Is there an affordable rationalization for the relative reputation of sure chords? Keep in mind: This method requires that you already know ALL 4 foundational chords in ALL 12 keys. Sometimes, this lesson will contain locating the be aware known as center C and correct taking part in approach. Fender, Burns, Vox and different guitar designs with slim single coils will in all probability be the safest guess. Further effects comparable to delay, chorus, phaser and reverbs might be added based on available choices on guitar amplifiers or by means of effects/multi-results foot pedals. You’d both depend for 2 beats earlier than going to the following half note or faucet your foot two times in even intervals. Even probably the most gifted pianists began at the underside and had to make their manner up.

Need to study the piano correctly? Inventor Benjamin Miessner had designed an amplified standard upright piano in the nineteen thirties, and Wurlitzer used his electrostatic pickup design, but replaced the strings with struck steel reeds. The brand new speaker system delivers the complex and intricate detail of a piano sound in probably the most correct manner attainable throughout the vary from clear, delicate high tones, to powerful thumping bass tones. The Nord Piano 3 has dedicated knobs and buttons for all vital capabilities required in a live performance state of affairs. Some find that they need an instructor they may meet once every week to help them to complete to advance with their goals, others study with numerous online methods that they might help if she or he need. Decide the important thing you need to your tune. However the difference between each fundamental be aware and its neighbors is not always a full tone. Drawing sharp, flat and natural symbols; recognizing forte, piano, staccato and legato.

About Hawaiian Music

One of the more curious things about the Hawaiian language is that there is no word for “music,” but its structure has been a mainstay of Hawaiian tradition. Mele, or chanting, was a ritual in ancient Hawaii, a means of preserving ancestral history. These chants chronicled stories of family lineage and legends of Hawaiian gods, tales visually told through the dance of hula. Rituals were guided by a drum beat and a small orchestra of stones, sticks, and rattles, laying the foundation for early Hawaiian music.

Contact with European settlers in the 1700s introduced Hawaiians to the cultures of the world. Missionaries brought Christian hymns and various European instrumentation such as the flute, violin, and the piano. But the Hawaiians were more fascinated with the guitar brought by Spanish cowboys, or paniolos. Hawaiians referred to Spanish music as Cachi-cachi because their fast and improvised style of playing quickly caught on. When the Spanish returned to their home countries, they left their guitars as gifts.

Keen on creating their own playing style, locals began slackening the strings, creating a distinct finger-picking style that suited their rhythmic sensibilities. “Slack-key” guitar became a local craze and encouraged the innovation of another playing style – “steel-guitar.” This involved sliding a piece of steel along the strings, which gave off a soothing, dream-like quality that would soon become the sound representing Hawaiian music.

These innovations inspired locals to embrace other forms of instrumentation. The melody remained firmly in the vocals, an emphasis on language and culture, while the sound, just as ancient rituals had dictated, provided harmony and support. Many were discovering they had innate musical talent and Hawaii quickly garnered such talent for an orchestra. In 1915, the Royal Hawaiian Band was invited to compete at the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. This was the first-time people had heard of Hawaii, a culture and a language being expressed through song. It painted a lush portrait of the islands, an impression that everything is as melodic and polished as the music they performed.

The Royal Hawaiian Band put the culture of Hawaii on the map and it was Tau Moe, a family of four also known as, “The Aloha Four,” who popularized the steel-guitar. They were Hawaii’s very own supergroup, touring across the mainland, then the world. Hawaii’s island-born innovations and rhythmic harmonies had found a global audience.

The onset of recording made it possible for people to bring Hawaii home with them. In the 1920s, the radio programming of “Hawaii Calls” and live broadcasts of Hawaiian music made people feel as if they were truly there. Almost every hotel – the only venues big enough to house bands and orchestras – had radio equipment set up. A band that was entertaining guests was suddenly playing to the world. By the 1950s, Hawaii Calls was being broadcast to 750 stations.

Hawaiian music waned in the 60s. Local musicians like Don Ho and Joe Keawe still thrived, but mainland artists had flooded the scene, having tried their hand at the genre solely because of its popularity. Hawaiian music was in danger of becoming a fad had it not been for the next generation of musicians.

Gabby Pahinui put the emphasis back on culture. A slack-key and falsetto wunderkind, he had found inspiration through tradition. As Hawaiian music became more popular, it became increasingly about style. With mainland artists having moved on, the genre refocused on long-held cultural themes of sovereignty and national pride, thus spearheading a cultural awakening.

Hula was in the middle of a resurgence. The Merrie Monarch Festival, once a tourist-pageant, became a celebration of culture as hula groups, or halaus, were now required to create original chants for their routine. It was a license to create rather than repeat, introducing a new tradition to the festival by honoring those of the past. The Merrie Monarch gave rise to artists such as Keali’i Reichel and The Brothers Cazimero.

This renaissance ushered in an era of Hawaiian superstars. Sonny Chillingworth and Willie K were revered for their slack-key prowess, while Linda Dela Cruz and Amy Hanaiali’i Gillom’s falsetto wonder made them overnight sensations. Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, simply known as Braddah Iz, remains as the most renowned Hawaiian musician of all time. His medleys of “Starting All Over Again” and “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” are in syndication to this day, while “Hawaiian Supa’ Man” is a suitably mythic representation of his talent and style.

Reggae didn’t arrive in Hawaii until the 80s. Initially shunned by traditionalists, reggae’s rhythmic wonder meshed well with Hawaii’s similar music sensibilities. Hawaii has since adopted reggae and the larger Jamaican culture with open arms. The Rastafarian flag is a symbol of national pride alongside Hawaii’s own state emblem. Reggae and Hawaii are inseparable on the radio today, breeding “Jawaiian” as a popular and meaningful subgenre in the canon.


The extraordinary sound of the fine violins, violas and cellos made by the legendary luthiers Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737) and Giuseppe Guarneri (1698-1744) is attributed to many factors. Workmanship is of course at the top of the list. So too are the geometrics of form, solid joints, scrollwork detail, symmetry, and a flush fitting bridge – to name a few critical details.

But the most obvious feature that Stradivari, et al. employed was the wood – a Bosnian maple that remains today the preferred material for fine instrument making. The characteristics of Bosnian maple – referred to as tonewoods, as is also the northern Italian spruce that is often used together with Bosnian maple – are the subject of centuries of speculation between violinmakers and their many devotees.

The Bosnian maple tree itself is native to mountainous southern Europe. A violin maker in the 17th century may have had an extra advantage at crafting a fine stringed instrument due to climatic conditions at the time – and perhaps an unwitting assist from foresters who harvested the wood.

The time period that falls roughly from the 16th to the 19th centuries is referred to as “the Little Ice Age.” This cooler period, marked by larger glaciers and poor crop yields, bore one possible benefit: the Bosnian maples, and other trees as well, were more dense, as measured by tree rings. In theory, this contributed to the enduring superlative sound of a Stradivarius instrument.

The role of the foresters might sound apocryphal (if not slightly romantic, where the brutish lumbermen are somehow collaborators with the likes of Tchiakovsky), but research conducted in 2015 seems to indicate a chemical processing of the wood contributed to its excellence. The study used five different analytical techniques to assess tiny shavings of wood from two Stradivarius cellos, two violins as well from the master luthier, and a violin made by Guarneri.

The findings were that both luthiers, who were working at roughly the same time, used wood that had been treated with something containing aluminum, calcium, copper and other elements. Why? Other wood used to build furniture at the time contains these same minerals. It appears a worm and possibly fungal infestation was affecting much of Europe at the time, and this treatment was used on Bosnian maple to ward off those pests.

There is no evidence that Stradivarius and Guarneri were aware of this. The study was published in 2016 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

With or without worms, fungi, and chemical treatment, Bosnian wood remains an honored component of contemporary violin making.

Professionals engaged today in silviculture (tree farming) may not be aware of this use. But as a horticultural industry guidebook on various tree cultivars says about Bosnian maples, “Perhaps the greatest asset of a Bosnian maple is its poise… cool green spring foliage on a vase-shaped form that would make it one of the best specimens in any garden.”

Online Ukulele Lessons

1. Since, the Ukulele is not as popular as a piano or a guitar, finding a local teacher for it could be difficult. Online coaching serves as a good option.
2. Professional Ukulele players who provide classes provide training for beginner, intermediate and advanced levels.
3. Professional teachers provide step by step instructions through video lessons that are easy to follow.
4. Online teachers break down popular numbers into simple portions that are easy to learn.
5. Online classes also have videos available to learn from.
6. You can record your music and send it to your teacher for a personal feedback.
7. Through these classes, you can develop a worldwide community enabling you to have discussions with other students.
8. You can choose the timing of classes as per your convenience. These classes provide you a means to learn the instrument anywhere, anytime.
9. You can save time spent in commuting to the classes.
10. You can save money you will need to commute to the class.
11. Have 24/7 accessibility for the lessons.
12. You have the option to compare the classes and choose one from any part of the globe. You can learn from the best of music teachers conveniently.

Importance of Lyrics

Though lyrics are fine enough, if the music is not good then listeners won’t show interest in that song. Let us think that you have the best songwriter to write a beautiful yet lovely song, but if there are ugly music sounds in the background no one would show interest in it. Here comes the importance of music in a song.

It is not good to rely completely on lyrics or on music to make your song popular. Both of them have their own importance which is an acceptable truth. However, you can find many artists who become popular for their lyrics alone or music. The quality of song is determined by both lyrics and music. They both go hand-in-hand. Nowadays, lyrics have become the effective medium to convey any social message, especially to young people. We should never underestimate the power of lyrics, as this has more significance than ever. Every one of us relates ourselves to the lyrics in our special song and it becomes the important song in our lives.

We cannot imagine this world without music as it has become an essential part of our life. From celebrations to grief, every occasion begins and ends with a music. Music makes us feel and lyrics make us think. This is the reason we can emotionally relate to the song and it can manipulate our mood without our knowledge. Thus both the aspects of music and Lyric are equally important, but we should never ignore the meaning of lyrics as it can show an impact on the listener. The key element to be considered while listening to music is give Value to the lyrics and enjoy tune of music.